Under approved plan scheme
Maharashtra's Bombay Labour Welfare Fund Act-1953 was extended to the National Capital Territory of Delhi with effect from 15/12/1986 and the rules were formulated in the year 1997. However, there was no progress during the intervening 11 years towards implementation of the welfare activities for which purpose the Act was extended. Despite constitution of the Delhi Labour Welfare Board in the year 1998, no activity was initiated. It was only in January 2002, that the "Delhi Labour Welfare Board" was reconstituted vide Notification no. F.9(1)/89/DLC/W/36 dated 17/01/2002 under the provision of the "Bombay Labour Welfare Fund Act-1953. Subsequent to the election of the undersigned as Chairman of the Board, at the meeting held on 28/01/2002, the said Board has come into existence and has started functioning with immediate effect .
The Welfare activities of the Labour Deptt. of Delhi for the benefit of industrial workers have been restricted to the operation of eight Labour Welfare Centers located in :
- Dalit Basti, Balmiki Mandir, Reading Road
- Kamla Nagar
- Giri Nagar
- Vishwakarma Nagar
- Pandav Nagar and
- Nimri Colony
and four holiday homes in :
- Shimla and
Out of these four holiday homes, three are functional and that at Shimla is yet to start functioning.
The newly constituted Delhi Labour Welfare Board has already initiated the process of speedy and prompt implementation of Labour Welfare Schemes based on Bhagidari principles which would benefit 20 lakhs families of the working class employed in various establishment and factories all over Delhi. The Board will implement the following identified schemes and the same have been included in the 10th Five Year Plan.
The Act empowers the Board to defray expenditure on the following :-
- Community and social education centers including reading rooms and libraries
- Community necessities
- Games and sports
- Excursions, tours and holiday homes
- Entertainment and other forms of recreation
- Home industries and subsidiary occupations for women and unemployed persons
- Corporate activities of a social nature
- Such other objects as would in the opinion of the Administrator improve the standard of living and ameliorate the social conditions of the labour.
In order to cater to the welfare of the workers, the Board decided to enlarge the perspective of the said objectives, within the statutory requirement of the Act by promulgating the following schemes, which have been approved under the 10th Five Year Plan 2002-2007, on the lines of Bhagidari Scheme of the Govt. of National Capital Territory of Delhi.
- Running of mobile creches at construction sites, urban slums and industrial belts in National Capital Territory of Delhi. These creches will support and cater to children upto three years of age.
- Establishment of Early Child-Care Education (ECCE) centres for children in the age group 3-6 years. These centres will also play an important role as school preparedness programme for children. At the age of six years children can join the main school. The research studies in ECCE show that children, who attend ECCE centers do well in the formal schools.
- Establishment of maternal and child health-care services for the welfare of workers and their families in National Capital Territory of Delhi.
- Establishment of mobile schools to cover children in the age group 6-11 years for primary schooling (classes I-V) at construction sites, urban slums and near industrial belts in the National Capital Territory of Delhi for the welfare of the labour force and their children.
- Setting up of vocational training centers to be run from the Welfare Centers to provide training to workers and their family members in tailoring, embroidery, knitting, book binding, chalk and candle making, beauty culture, midwifery, training for women in first aid, computer courses, motor winding, rearing of electrical gadgets, plumbing, bakery, cookery, making of pickles, papad and condiments, bag making, pottery etc.
- Performance of mass marriages and community festivals and ceremonies to save them from the clutches of money lenders. This scheme would minimize the financial burden and save the families from falling into debt trap.
- Launching of general awareness programmes about educational courses and availability of scholarship, avenues of employment laws relating to Labour Welfare, safety and social security, traffic and regulations, health, hygiene and environment.
- Preventive and rehabilitative programmes to create awareness about communicable diseases like AIDS and Hepatitis.
- Gender sensitization training and legal awareness programmes for the workers and opinion of leaders of the local community related to women.
- Awareness about worker's education, rights and duties of citizens to help them emerge as better citizens and to ensure their participation for overall development of the nation.
- Cultural awareness programmes about the rich and varied culture of the secular nation to the workers and their families.
- Awareness and sensitization about social justice and human rights to the workers and their families.
- Awareness campaigns about the evils of alcoholism, drug abuse and gambling for the mutual benefit of the workers' families and the employers.
- Programmes to prevent communal tensions and terrorism.
- Income generation programmes, household budgeting and planning for the workers and their families.
- Formation of self-help groups which will enable the workers and their families to be self sufficient to a greater extent through the formation of thrift and credit societies and housing schemes.
- Emergency medical services at the welfare centers as well as running of mobile medical services through medical vans and small community based medical units or health centers for Heart care, Dental, Eye care, HIV, Hepatitis and General Health checkup.
- Social security and group insurance schemes for long term benefit of organized and unorganized workers and their families.
- Rehabilitation of child labour, provision of opportunity for education and a safe, secure and healthy childhood.
- Opening of blood banks in collaboration with Indian Red Cross Society, Govt. hospitals and NGOs, to ensure storage and supply of pure and safe blood for the immediate need of the working class.
- Legal aid cell to provide free legal aid and guidance to the workers and their families.
- Establishment of community/Welfare/Rehabilitation Centers for old age workers and orphans where leisure activities, educational activities as well as training programmes for income generation will be organized for self-sufficiency. These centers will serve as Multi purpose centers to promote all round development of the community and its members.
- Establishment of recreational centers with games and sports facilities for the workers and their families to relieve the stress of daily life and promote healthy living through physical well being.
- Establishment of reading room and library facilities for recreational and educational upliftment.
- Construction of 'Workers' Housing Scheme' in different industrial areas of Delhi.
Given below are the salient features of only a few of the above said schemes:-
Mobile Creches and Schools
These facilities will be given to both the organized and unorganized labour. Mobile creches will be opened at construction sites, urban slums and near clusters of industries. These creches will support and cater to children of 0-11 years of age. They will also provide maternal and childe health care facilities, education awareness, healthy meals for children (based on ICDS norms). Every creche will have instructor and a helper as staff. These facilities will come into operation either directly and / or with the help of various non-Governmental, Governmental organizations and corporate offices.
Mobile schools will be opened at construction sites and urban slums in the form of night schools mobile, master/gurujis. A kit will be provided to teachers which will include teaching learning material and teaching learning aids. The teacher will move from one site to another. This concept already exists in the form of alternative education. Training and educational visits will be organized for the teachers and instructors for effective implementation of the programmes.
Emergency Medical Services
Various programmes will be organized under this scheme, ranging from awareness about the usage of certified medical services opening up of small community based medical units or health centers where referrals could be made, and management of mobile medical services through medical vans, organizing periodic doctor's visit and specialized camps with medical facility and equipments e.g. disability, reproductive health care, dental care, heart care, TB and leprosy detection etc., training for women in first aid to enhance gender participation and to make use of available human resources. These centers will provide referrals to the patients. Blood banks will be opened in collaboration with Red Cross Society, Govt. hospitals and NGOs wherein every effort will be made to ensure storage and supply of pure and safe blood. The blood so stored will primarily be used for the benefit of labour and their families in National Capital Territory of Delhi.
All these facilities need to be based on community partnership and involvements of the stakeholders in both implementation and monitoring of the projects. These services will come into operation either directly and / or with the help of various non Governmental/Governmental organizations and corporate offices. Such schemes will be strictly monitored and supervised. Fair gender participation in implementation of the project will strengthen participation of girl children and women.
Rehabilitation centers will be opened for old age workers and orphans where leisure activities, educational activities as well as training programmes for income generation will be organized for self-sufficiency. These centers will serve as multi purpose centers to promote all round development of the community and its members and would involve community and social education, community necessities, games and sports facilities, reading room, library, Barat ghar, vocational training centers, recreational facilities etc. They will also function as training centers for workers where training will be provided through audio-visual aids. Unostentatious mass marriages will be organized in the centers which would minimize the financial burden and would save the families from falling into debt trap. Medical vans will be organized for regular health checkups of the elderly and children. The elderly will be encouraged to participate in the mentoring of centers of orphaned children. Inspector/caretakers will be appointed to look after training and general well being of the elderly. These community based centers can also be in the form of residential shed/day care centers where a care taker and other helpers will be posted. Elderly people will be used as human resource persons in managing these centers. These services will come into operation either directly and/or with the help of various non-Governmental/Governmental organizations and corporate offices. Such schemes will be strictly monitored and supervised.
Scheme for training, education and skill development of the children of workers, employed in organized and unorganized sectors
This is a continuing scheme which has been formulated for the welfare of labourers and their families to provide educational and recreational facilities like reading room, library, indoor games for industrial workers, nursery classes for children and music, handicraft classes/vocational classes.
The provision has to be made for purchase of new sewing machines, knitting machines and material for use in handicraft/vocational classes. The Department also proposes to set up gymnasium in some selected labour welfare centers.
There are eight labour welfare centers in different parts of National Capital Territory of Delhi. A large number of students attend the handicraft and nursery classes daily. To develop their skill in the artistic work, the students are given vocational guidance in handicrafts as well as education up to nursery level. Regular classes are held in the labour welfare centers.
Incentive in the form of stipends are given to the deserving students who are attending the handicraft and nursery classes in the welfare centers from the year 1990-91 onwards, this is a welfare measure with the objective of encouraging the students from economically weaker sections to attend these classes.
Study tour for industrial workers
This is a continuing scheme which provides exposure to the industrial workers to study the working of various industrial units and welfare facilities provided to them in other states. This tour is conducted by this Deptt., every year for the industrial workers to visit industrial estates and places of historical importance and tourist attraction located outside Delhi.
Setting up of holiday homes for industrial workers
This is a continuing scheme. At present there are four holiday homes which are located at Haridwar, Mussorie, Shimla and Allahabad. It is proposed to set up some more holiday homes during the 10th Five Year Plan in other cities such as Amritsar, Katra, Panaji (Goa), Hyderabad, Banglore, Jaipur, Puri, Kolkata, Gowahati, Chennai and Trivendrum etc. Setting up of more holiday homes other than hill areas, will help the workers and their families to enjoy holidays on a nominal budget.